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There are many complex reasons why people abuse or become addicted to substances, processes or behavioural patterns. Drugs can be anything from street drugs to party drugs to prescription medication and more. The toll that addiction takes on a person’s life is hugely distressing as is the cost which society pays. This effect can often be seen in the severe damage caused by the substance use disorder both psychologically and physiologically as evidenced in hospitals and emergency departments.
There is a strong correlation between crime and substance abuse or dependence which is seen by the number of drug addicts who are in criminal institutions. While the use of certain drugs such as cocaine has diminished over recent years, other drugs such as crystal meth, heroin and “club drugs” has sharply increased.
It is challenging to find the most effective treatments for & prevention of substance-use disorders.
Extensive research has helped us to have a better understanding of this behaviour and studies have shown us that early intervention through drug education and prevention aimed at adolescents and children is one of the best ways to curb the national drug problem.
Many substances can induce withdrawal effects when they are decreased or stopped and particularly if they are stopped suddenly without tapering. Withdrawal symptoms can be anything from mild anxiety to hallucinations and seizures. Overdosing on drugs can also be fatal.
There are many different types of addiction treatment or detox centres and each of them will have a different function and role in the detox process.
When drugs are abused, this leads to tolerance - a state in which one must use more and more of a drug to produce similar levels of intoxication.
According to the 2014 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, it was estimated that over 16% of respondents used illegal drugs during the past year. Further statistics pointed to the fact that more than 20% of respondents over eighteen years of age have binge drank in the previous year. The effect of certain substances cause a form of intoxication that shifts their attention, judgment, physical control or perception.
Individual counselling for drug addictions has proven to be one of the most effective ways to combat addictions and for clients to sustain their lasting sobriety and meaningful personal growth. Many people think that substances are the core of the addiction problem. However, substances are very often a temporary solution or coping mechanism used by the person to cope with deeper issues that exist in their emotional wellbeing. These emotional layers form over time and may need to be addressed through more focused talk therapy or addiction counselling.